Quantitative Methods

Quantitative Methods - Articles & White Papers

Professional and academic papers using quantitative methods. All of the research in this section is either about the use of quant techniques, or uses quant methodology (mathematical formulae) within the text. The most viewed quant research in this section are papers focused on alpha strategies, particularly for tactical asset allocation. A key issue for quant analysts here is the robustness and validity of the quant model. One paper refers to the risk of "pseudo-mathematics" and "financial charlatanism", when data is mined to conceive spurious relationships which don't survive out-of-sample. Therefore, quant papers providing a statistical framework for assessing the robustness of quantitative models (and reducing the risk of overfitting) have generated a lot of interest. Our most downloaded quant research in this section includes papers on risk estimation, performance attribution, big data and risk premia. Other popular reports and white papers cover risk factors and smart beta / scientific beta / alternative beta.
  • EDHEC-Risk Institute

    Multi-Dimensional Risk and Performance Analysis for Equity Portfolios (EDHEC)

    Multi-factor models are commonly used for risk analysis and performance attribution of equity portfolios. Equity portfolio managers are interested not only in assessing the impact of common factors, but also in understanding the impact of stock-specific attributes upon portfolio risk and performances. In this report, EDHEC-Risk Institute explores the challenge of consistent risk ...

  • AQR Capital Management

    Fact, Fiction and Momentum Investing (AQR Capital, 2014)

    Authored by Cliff Asness and others from AQR Capital, this paper examines the "myths" surrounding momentum investing, using results from a variety of academic studies. The paper aims to clarify the facts with regard to the efficacy of trend-following strategies and to document the practical value of momentum within the investment process.

  • Equity Risk Premiums: Determinants, Estimation and Implications (Damodaran, 2016)

    In this paper, Professor Aswath Damodaran examines ways of estimating equity risk premiums (ERP). He begins by considering the economic determinants of ERP, including information uncertainty, perceptions of macroeconomic risk and risk aversion by investors. This is the 9th edition of this paper. It has been produced annually since the global financial crisis of 2008.

  • A Quantitative Approach to TAA (Mebane Faber)

    This influential paper is Mebane Faber's update to his 2006 version. It incorporates new data from the period 2008-2012. The paper investigates how well the original work has held up since publication. Faber finds that overall, the models achieve equity-like returns with bond-like volatility and drawdowns, which was his original thesis in the 2006 paper. He also examines the ...

    • Quantitative
    • Views: 1247
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  • Invesco (Europe)

    Invesco Global Factor Investing Study 2017

    Our factor investing study offers unique insights into the growth of factor investing via over 100 in-depth face-to-face interviews with consultants, pension funds, insurers, sovereign investors and private banks globally. We spoke with investors that were leading the way when it came to factor investing as well as non-users who were yet to adopt this investment approach.

    For ...

  • Robeco

    Ten things you should know about factor investing (Robeco, 2017)

    Factor-based investing has gained considerable traction over the past decade. Concepts such as ‘factor premiums’ or ‘smart beta’ have become popular buzzwords, and now appear frequently in mainstream financial media. Prominent institutional investors have also publicly embraced allocation to well-known factors, like value, momentum or low volatility.

    But ...

    • Short article
    • Views: 1121
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  • Eaton Vance Management International

    Managing equity portfolio volatility by harnessing the volatility risk premium (Eaton Vance, May 2017)

    After eight years of stock market gains, many investors have tempered their return expectations and are focusing attention on how best to best achieve equity-like returns with less risk. One relatively new solution investors are exploring is the use of option-based strategies that seek to harness the Volatility Risk Premium.

  • QMA

    Start of Something Big: Demystifying the Source of Large Alpha in Small Caps (QMA)

    • 24 Jan 2017
    • Company: QMA

    In a world where alpha can seem scarce, active small-cap managers continue to outperform their benchmarks in an impressive way. But why? Investors have a general sense small caps are riskier and less efficient, but how these characteristics contribute to more alpha opportunities remains unclear. At QMA, we think it’s critical to understand the sources of returns so that you ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1465
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  • CFA Institute

    Fundamentals of Efficient Factor Investing (Financial Analysts Journal, 2017)

    This paper appeared in CFA Institute's Financial Analysts Journal. Combining long-only-constrained factor subportfolios is generally not a mean–variance-efficient way to capture expected factor returns. For example, a combination of four fully invested factor subportfolios—low beta, small size, value, and momentum—captures less than half ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1340
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  • EDHEC-Risk Institute

    Robustness of Smart Beta Strategies (EDHEC)

    This EDHEC paper examines the importance of robustness for smart beta strategies, explaining how a strategy being "relatively robust" differs from "absolute robustness". The authors describe how the robustness of smart beta performance can be assessed and quantified, describing various approaches, which may be used to improve the robustness of smart beta ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1420
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  • The Divergence of High- and Low-Frequency estimation

    This paper is a collaborative effort between State Street Global Exchange and Windham Capital Management. It provides findings that are important to asset allocators looking at long-term asset allocation goals. High-frequency estimation, according to the paper, does not predict behavior reliably in the long-term, even if no sampling error is present. Investors should, when ...

  • The Trend is Our Friend: Risk Parity, Momentum and Trend Following in Global Asset Allocation (2014)

    The authors of this paper examine the effects of trend application methodologies when applied to global asset allocations amongst commodities, bonds and real estate. Trend following application offers a significant improvement, in comparison to traditional buy-and-hold portfolios, to risk-adjusted performance. It is also a method of asset allocation superior to risk parity. A ...

    • Quantitative
    • Views: 1195
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  • Credit Suisse

    Looking for Easy Games: How Passive Investing Shapes Active Management (Credit Suisse, 2017)

    Investors are shifting their investment allocations from active to passive management. This trend has accelerated in recent years. The investors who are shifting from active to passive are less informed than those who stay. This is equivalent to the weak players leaving the poker table. Since the winners need losers, this can make the market even more efficient, and hence less ...

  • Invesco (Europe)

    Risk and Reward Q3 2017: Multi-factor investing (Invesco)

    This issue of "Risk and Reward" examines multi-asset multi-factor investing. While broad adoption of factor investing is still well in the future, a multi-asset multi-factor strategy permits full utilization of all potential benefits of factor investing, and therefore represents a natural evolution. We also investigate the theoretical and behavioural underpinnings of ...

  • CFA Institute

    Do Social Responsibility Screens Matter When Assessing Mutual Fund Performance? (Financial Analysts Journal)

    Regarding the contribution of socially responsible (SR) screening to mutual fund performance, we propose a new decomposition of the variability of SR mutual fund returns that isolates the contribution of SR screening, allowing it to be compared with other, traditional sources of performance. Our results, based on a sample of SR equity mutual funds, show that SR screening does ...

  • FTSE Russell

    Factor Exposure and Portfolio Concentration (FTSE Russell, May 2017)

    Get an in-depth view of efficient multi-factor portfolio construction techniques, review the pros and cons of various approaches, and take a closer look at the benefits of tilting toward and away from single and multiple factors. An ideal read for asset owners who need a better understanding of factor tilting and want to compare outcomes for factor portfolio construction by looking ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1133
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  • Legal & General Investment Management

    The Rise of Factor-Based Investing (LGIM)

    Factor-based investing, which seeks to identify the underlying characteristics that drive performance, has grown rapidly since the financial crisis. This is because investors are looking to go beyond asset class labels and understand the true drivers of risk and return in their portfolios.

  • Robeco

    Three ways to successfully implement factors and smart beta (Robeco, 2017)

    Smart beta, which has its roots in factor investing, is enjoying growing popularity. But investors often struggle with how best to implement these strategies. We aim to provide a clearer picture of what factor-based investing actually is and suggest three ways in which investors can implement quantitative strategies. Read also:

    • Quantitative
    • Views: 1291
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  • Robeco

    Concerns regarding the new Fama-French 5-factor model (Robeco)

    Nobel prize laureate Eugene Fama and fellow researcher Kenneth French have revamped their famous 3-factor model by adding two new factors to analyze stock returns: Profitability and Investment. But this 5-factor model raises many questions.

    Speed read

    • The 5-factor model still ignores Momentum and Low Volatility
    • It is unlikely to lead to academic ...

    • Quantitative
    • Views: 1414
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