Investment Process

Investment Process - Articles & White Papers

White papers on the investment process - the policies and principles, frameworks and structures upon which successful fund management is built. Our "investment process" section includes articles, reports and surveys which cover the various components of the investment process, particularly asset allocation, manager selection, stock selection, fixed income investment management, currency management, trade execution, investment compliance and back office processes. We list research covering each of these processes in detail. Amongst our most downloaded documents are papers on the hallmarks of successful active equity managers, processes for momentum and trend-following in asset allocation, a quantitative approach to TAA, factor-based investing, long-term investing, and a framework for assessing factors and implementing smart beta strategies. Surveys on responsible investing have also proved very popular. For more specific content listings - for example covering the stock selection process, the asset allocation process, or fixed income fund management - please click the appropriate section in the topic menu at the top of this page.
  • CFA Institute Research Foundation

    Financial Market History: Reflections on the Past for Investors Today (CFA Institute Research Foundation)

    This 279-page compendium of papers, published by CFA Institute Research Foundation, provides a detailed and fascinating look at the history of financial markets. Each section, which has been authored by prominent industry professionals, discusses a different facet of financial markets including risk and return over the long run, bubbles and crises, financial innovation, and more. A ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 2968
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  • Credit Suisse

    Reflections on the Ten Attributes of Great Investors (Michael J. Mauboussin, Aug 2016)

    Thirty years ago this year, Michael J. Mauboussin started on Wall Street. It goes without saying that he has seen dramatic events and change during that time. Equity market indices are roughly 10 times higher today than they were in 1986. And of the 10 biggest companies by market cap then, only AT&T, Exxon Mobil and GE remain in that league today. In this piece, he shares his ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 3128
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  • EDHEC-Risk Institute

    Is Smart Beta just Monkey Business? Factor Exposures, Upside-Down Strategies and Rebalancing (EDHEC)

    The “Monkey portfolio” proposition is that smart beta strategies can be deployed naively, with the assurance that all such strategies will add value. EDHEC's research suggests otherwise, with many smart beta strategies having exposure to other factors. The authors warn that care is needed to avoid over-extrapolating the implications of a particular test ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1834
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  • QMA (Quantitative Management Associates)

    Investing in Liquid Alts: An Outcomes-Based Approach (QMA, Apr 2017)

    As more investors seek new sources of returns less correlated with the downward swings of the equity and bond markets, liquid alternative strategies have emerged as one of the more viable, and popular, investment options. Investors and their financial advisors are conditioned to select managers based on the asset class they invest in, frequently a less important consideration when ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 877
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  • Robeco

    The Future of Asset Management (Robeco, 2016)

    The business of investment management will change significantly in the years ahead. Demographic and regulatory trends have imposed gradual change upon the industry, but technological developments are now injecting more urgency into the pace of change. In this white paper, Robeco examines the forces that are driving change, and how this will transform the industry. The authors ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 2464
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  • Focusing Capital on the Long Term

    Long-Term Investing - Portfolio Guide (FCLT, 2015)

    This 60-page report investigates a variety of approaches that may be taken by institutional investors in order to find new long-term investment strategies. Examining the five key action areas (risk appetite statements, investment mandates, benchmarking processes, evaluations and incentives, and investment benefits), this paper's authors develop a framework for the improvement ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 3134
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  • Bank for International Settlements

    Demographics will reverse three multi-decade global trends (BIS, 2017)

    Between the 1980s and the 2000s, the largest ever positive labour supply shock occurred, resulting from demographic trends and from the inclusion of China and eastern Europe into the World Trade Organization. This led to a shift in manufacturing to Asia, especially China; a stagnation in real wages; a collapse in the power of private sector trade unions; increasing inequality ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 2343
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  • Michael Page

    UK Front Office Banking & Asset Management Salary Survey 2017

    This 22 page report from Michael Page details average remuneration (salary plus bonus) for a range of front office banking and fund management positions, including compensation for asset managers, quants, investment strategists, equity analysts, multi-asset portfolio managers, debt and credit analysts, and those in research/strategy and sales/trading roles in the UK. The ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1502
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  • CFA Institute Research Foundation

    Factor Investing and Asset Allocation (CFA Institute Research Foundation)

    Factor investing is as old as the hills. Yet it has only recently become a widespread practice. What is behind this sudden change in the investment management industry? What do analysts at firms that engage in factor investing do? What results might investors using these techniques expect? Here is a hugely important read to explore these questions.

    • Professional
    • Views: 1858
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  • AQR Capital Management

    Fact, Fiction and Momentum Investing (AQR Capital, 2014)

    Authored by Cliff Asness and others from AQR Capital, this paper examines the "myths" surrounding momentum investing, using results from a variety of academic studies. The paper aims to clarify the facts with regard to the efficacy of trend-following strategies and to document the practical value of momentum within the investment process.

  • Robeco

    How will Blockchain impact the Financial Industry? (Robeco, 2016)

    There is growing agreement that Blockchain technology, though overhyped, is here to stay. This excellent report from Robeco explains the distributed ledger technology, transaction flows and the eco-system. It then examines the ways in which it might transform the asset management industry in the future. 

    • Professional
    • Views: 1908
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  • Equity Risk Premiums: Determinants, Estimation and Implications (Damodaran, 2016)

    In this paper, Professor Aswath Damodaran examines ways of estimating equity risk premiums (ERP). He begins by considering the economic determinants of ERP, including information uncertainty, perceptions of macroeconomic risk and risk aversion by investors. This is the 9th edition of this paper. It has been produced annually since the global financial crisis of 2008.

  • Vanguard

    A framework for institutional portfolio construction (Vanguard, 2016)

    Typically, institutional investors around the world pursue one of four investment goals: absolute return, liability-driven investment, total return or principal protection. Generally, they choose from four different investment approaches: static tilts, traditional active management, market-capitalization exposures and alternative investments. Given the aforementioned potential ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 2375
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  • A Quantitative Approach to TAA (Mebane Faber)

    This influential paper is Mebane Faber's update to his 2006 version. It incorporates new data from the period 2008-2012. The paper investigates how well the original work has held up since publication. Faber finds that overall, the models achieve equity-like returns with bond-like volatility and drawdowns, which was his original thesis in the 2006 paper. He also examines the ...

    • Quantitative
    • Views: 1234
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  • Invesco (Europe)

    Invesco Global Factor Investing Study 2017

    Our factor investing study offers unique insights into the growth of factor investing via over 100 in-depth face-to-face interviews with consultants, pension funds, insurers, sovereign investors and private banks globally. We spoke with investors that were leading the way when it came to factor investing as well as non-users who were yet to adopt this investment approach.

    For ...

  • BlackRock

    Capital Market Assumptions (BlackRock, 2017)

    The BlackRock Investment Institute publishes capital market assumptions every quarter. We cover two time horizons: long-term equilibrium capital markets assumptions that can be used as key inputs for strategic asset allocation, and five-year assumptions that take into account how we think current economic and market conditions will play out in the medium term.

  • Robeco

    Ten things you should know about factor investing (Robeco, 2017)

    Factor-based investing has gained considerable traction over the past decade. Concepts such as ‘factor premiums’ or ‘smart beta’ have become popular buzzwords, and now appear frequently in mainstream financial media. Prominent institutional investors have also publicly embraced allocation to well-known factors, like value, momentum or low volatility.

    But ...

    • Short article
    • Views: 844
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