Investment Process

Investment Process - Articles & White Papers

White papers on the investment process - the policies and principles, frameworks and structures upon which successful fund management is built. Our "investment process" section includes articles, reports and surveys which cover the various components of the investment process, particularly asset allocation, manager selection, stock selection, fixed income investment management, currency management, trade execution, investment compliance and back office processes. We list research covering each of these processes in detail. Amongst our most downloaded documents are papers on the hallmarks of successful active equity managers, processes for momentum and trend-following in asset allocation, a quantitative approach to TAA, factor-based investing, long-term investing, and a framework for assessing factors and implementing smart beta strategies. Surveys on responsible investing have also proved very popular. For more specific content listings - for example covering the stock selection process, the asset allocation process, or fixed income fund management - please click the appropriate section in the topic menu at the top of this page.
  • BlackRock

    BlackRock’s 2018 Guide to ETFs and Derivatives

    52% of institutions have replaced a derivative product with an ETF (see 1 below). Efficiency, precise exposures, improved flexibility and low cost are all features that have contributed to ETFs assuming a more prominent role alongside traditional derivatives. 

    The 2018 Guide to ETFs and Derivatives:

    • Addresses how breakthroughs in technology, ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 903
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  • CFA Institute Research Foundation

    Financial Market History: Reflections on the Past for Investors Today (CFA Institute Research Foundation)

    This 279-page compendium of papers, published by CFA Institute Research Foundation, provides a detailed and fascinating look at the history of financial markets. Each section, which has been authored by prominent industry professionals, discusses a different facet of financial markets including risk and return over the long run, bubbles and crises, financial innovation, and more. A ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 4839
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  • CFA Institute Research Foundation

    Factor Investing and Asset Allocation (CFA Institute Research Foundation)

    Factor investing is as old as the hills. Yet it has only recently become a widespread practice. What is behind this sudden change in the investment management industry? What do analysts at firms that engage in factor investing do? What results might investors using these techniques expect? Here is a hugely important read to explore these questions.

    • Professional
    • Views: 2892
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  • Robeco

    Factor Investing: An Academic Source of Excess Returns (Savvy Investor, 2018)

    Authored by Savvy Investor and sponsored by Robeco, this 24-page special report is designed as a go-to resource for anyone interested in factor investing, covering a host of different factor investing issues in a short timespan.

    The report explains the academic underpinning to factor investing, and describes how a consensus has built around the belief that 4-6 key equity risk ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 2330
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  • Robeco

    Exploring the world of factors - Nine academics on smart beta and factor investing (Robeco, 2018)

    Collected interviews with high-profile factor investing experts, who bring an original contribution to the discussion. The concept of factor investing dates back to the 1970s, but it has only been gaining traction over the past few years. Factor-based allocation has its roots in the vast amount of empirical findings, accumulated over many decades, that document the existence of ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1100
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  • Bank for International Settlements

    Demographics will reverse three multi-decade global trends (BIS, 2017)

    Between the 1980s and the 2000s, the largest ever positive labour supply shock occurred, resulting from demographic trends and from the inclusion of China and eastern Europe into the World Trade Organization. This led to a shift in manufacturing to Asia, especially China; a stagnation in real wages; a collapse in the power of private sector trade unions; increasing inequality ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 3080
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  • bfinance

    Global Investment Management Fees: New Savings, New Challenges (bfinance, 2017)

    New bfinance data reveals falling fees in several sectors, especially where providers have been under pressure from cheaper competitors or the investment landscape has evolved. Meanwhile, many asset managers have seized the opportunity to launch fashionable products at a premium to their conventional equivalents, with certain breeds of unconstrained, multi-asset or advisory ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 2007
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  • Michael Page

    UK Front Office Banking & Asset Management Salary Survey 2017

    This 22 page report from Michael Page details average remuneration (salary plus bonus) for a range of front office banking and fund management positions, including compensation for asset managers, quants, investment strategists, equity analysts, multi-asset portfolio managers, debt and credit analysts, and those in research/strategy and sales/trading roles in the UK. The ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 2546
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  • QMA

    Investing in Liquid Alts: An Outcomes-Based Approach (QMA, Apr 2017)

    • 05 May 2017
    • Company: QMA

    As more investors seek new sources of returns less correlated with the downward swings of the equity and bond markets, liquid alternative strategies have emerged as one of the more viable, and popular, investment options. Investors and their financial advisors are conditioned to select managers based on the asset class they invest in, frequently a less important consideration when ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1123
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  • Citi

    Disruptive Innovations IV: Ten More Things to Stop and Think About (Citi, 2016)

    • 21 Nov 2016
    • Company: Citi

    The fourth in a series from Citi GPS, this edition examines 10 more innovative technologies and new products which are disrupting their sectors. This edition covers:

    1. Big Data Disruption - The Big Data Revolution in Energy
    2. Contextual Commerce - What is Contextual Commerce?
    3. Direct-to-Consumer Marketplace - Another Threat to ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1501
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  • AQR Capital Management

    Fact, Fiction and Momentum Investing (Cliff Asness et al, 2015)

    Authored by Cliff Asness and others from AQR Capital, this paper examines the "myths" surrounding momentum investing, using results from a variety of academic studies. The paper aims to clarify the facts with regard to the efficacy of trend-following strategies and to document the practical value of momentum within the investment process.

  • Robeco

    How will Blockchain impact the Financial Industry? (Robeco, 2016)

    There is growing agreement that Blockchain technology, though overhyped, is here to stay. This excellent report from Robeco explains the distributed ledger technology, transaction flows and the eco-system. It then examines the ways in which it might transform the asset management industry in the future. 

    • Professional
    • Views: 2030
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  • Equity Risk Premiums: Determinants, Estimation and Implications (Damodaran, 2016)

    In this paper, Professor Aswath Damodaran examines ways of estimating equity risk premiums (ERP). He begins by considering the economic determinants of ERP, including information uncertainty, perceptions of macroeconomic risk and risk aversion by investors. This is the 9th edition of this paper. It has been produced annually since the global financial crisis of 2008.

  • Cambria Investments

    A Quantitative Approach to TAA (Mebane Faber)

    This influential paper is Mebane Faber's update to his 2006 version. It incorporates new data from the period 2008-2012. The paper investigates how well the original work has held up since publication. Faber finds that overall, the models achieve equity-like returns with bond-like volatility and drawdowns, which was his original thesis in the 2006 paper. He also examines the ...

    • Quantitative
    • Views: 1306
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  • Invesco US

    Invesco Global Fixed Income Study 2018

    Since the turmoil of the financial crisis, investors are navigating a great calm in fixed income markets, however, there is a sense amongst investors that the prevailing period of calm is coming to an end as central bank intervention is withdrawn and investor behaviours subsequently change. Through conducting 79 face-to-face interviews with leading fixed income specialists across ...

  • MSCI

    How ESG Affects Equity Valuation, Risk, and Performance (MSCI, 2017)

    • 21 Dec 2017
    • Company: MSCI

    Many researchers have studied the relationship between companies with strong environmental, social and governance (ESG) characteristics and corporate financial performance. A major challenge has been to show that positive correlations — when produced — provide explanations for the behavior. As the classic phrase used by statisticians says, “correlation does not ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1227
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  • eVestment

    The Importance of Brand Awareness: Quantifying the Impact on Asset Manager Growth (eVestment, 2017)

    Brand awareness is an important driver in the growth of institutional asset managers of all sizes. Brand awareness answers the question, how familiar are investors with your firm and your products? It is the first step in an investor’s path to eventually placing a mandate. Managers who are effective in creating awareness are better able to compete in our crowded industry. In ...

    • Professional
    • Views: 1019
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